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Iraq: EFP Attack (I) Against U.S. Military Convoy - December 2007

 

Background

 

“[…] When the United States military command accused the Iranian Quds Force in January of providing the armor-piercing EFPs (explosively formed penetrators) that were killing US troops, it knew that Iraqi machine shops had been producing their own EFPs for years, […]. The record also shows that the US command had considerable evidence that the Mahdi Army of Shi’ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr had received the technology and the training on how to use it from Hezbollah, rather than Iran. […] British and US officials observed from the beginning that the EFPs being used in Iraq closely resembled the ones used by Hezbollah against Israeli forces in southern Lebanon, both in their design and the techniques for using them. […]”

 

Excerpt of an Inter Press Service article from October 27th, 2007.

U.S. humvee is hit by an EFP

 

The Video

 

 

External view: link   file format: .wmv (9,2 MB)

 

Screenshots

Seconds before the attack

Explosion

Aftermath

Video Credits

 

The Video

 

1) The original video was distributed through a CD Rom by the Iraqi Shia Insurgent group “Asaeb Ahlul Al Haqq” aka “Imam Ali Brigades” in January of 2008. According to the group, the video features attacks, which have been carried out in several regions of Iraq such as Kalpia, Aboudecer and Karkh during the end of 2007. Excerpts of the video footage, as shown on this page, were then later included in a short report from February 25th, 2008 by the Lebanese television station “Al-Manar TV”.

 

Background on EFPs

 

2) From wikipedia: “An explosively formed penetrator (EFP), also known as an explosively formed projectile, a self-forging warhead, or a self-forging fragment, is a special type of shaped charge designed to penetrate armour effectively at stand-off distances. […]

 

“A conventional shaped charge generally has a conical metal liner that projects a hypervelocity jet of metal able to penetrate to great depths into steel armour; however, in travel over some distance the jet breaks up along its length into particles that drift out of alignment, greatly diminishing its effectiveness at a distance.

 

“An EFP, on the other hand, has a liner in the shape of a shallow dish.The force of the blast molds the liner into any of a number of configurations, depending on how the plate is formed and how the explosive is detonated. Sophisticated EFP warheads have multiple detonators that can be fired in different arrangements causing different types of waveform in the explosive, resulting in either a long-rod penetrator, an aerodynamic slug projectile or multiple high-velocity fragments. A less sophisticated approach for changing the formation of an EFP is the use of wire-mesh in front of the liner: with the mesh in place the liner will fragment into multiple penetrators. […]”

 

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