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Involvement of German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND) in the Iraq War

 

Background

Media Reports

Government Reports

Photo Credits

 

Background

 

“German lawmakers have been probing the schizophrenic role of the Schröder administration in resisting America's invasion of Iraq. […] In the weeks leading up to the Iraq invasion, two agents from the Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND), Germany's foreign intelligence service, were stationed in Baghdad. [Frank-Walter] Steinmeier [Germany’s current foreign minister] has long said the agents received pre-mission instructions that ‘precluded active support of combat operations.’ Lately, though, a number of current and former US military leaders have told SPIEGEL that the German agents provided valuable information to the US in the run-up to the March, 2003 operation against Iraq. […]”

 

Excerpt of an article from Spiegel magazine from December 19th, 2008.

Ernst Uhrlau, German Foreign Intelligence Service

 

German Television Documentary: “Iraq War - Germany as U.S. Informant”

 

Media Reports

 

June 19th, 2009 - Parliamentary Inquiry Inconclusive over Germany’s Role in Iraq War

1 news article from Deutsche Welle

 

December 19th, 2008 - ‘Germany Was Against the War, But Also Slightly Involved’

1 news article from Der Spiegel

 

December 18th, 2008 - German Foreign Minister Denies Helping US Fight Iraq War

1 news article from Agence France Presse

 

December 17th, 2008 - German Spy Revelations Put Steinmeier on the Defensive

1 news article from Der Spiegel

 

December 16th, 2008 - How German Agents Helped Pave the Way into Iraq

2 news articles from Der Spiegel

 

March 6th, 2006 - Berlin Faces Probe Into How Much it Helped US

1 news article from Der Spiegel

 

February 27th, 2006 - German Intelligence Gave U.S. Saddams Defense Plan, Report Says

2 news articles from the New York Times & Der Spiegel

 

January 17th, 2006 - Germany’s Secret Aid for America’s War

1 news article from Der Spiegel

 

January 12th, 2006 - Berlin’s Spies Reportedly Helped US

1 news article from Der Spiegel

 

 

Government Reports

 

June 18th, 2009 - Recommendations & Report

Report by the BND Inquiry Commission of the German Parliament (42 MB, in German)

 

December 4th, 2008 - Streit über “mittelbare” Mitwirkung des BND am Irak-Krieg

Report by the German Parliament/Deutscher Bundestag (in German)

 

November 27th, 2008 - “BND-Einsatz war keine Teilnahme am Krieg”

Report by the German Parliament/Deutscher Bundestag (in German)

 

November 5th, 2008 - Zeugenvernehmung Herr E. S. u. a./Testimony Mr. E. S. a. o.

Protocol of Testimony before the BND Inquiry Commission of the German Parliament (in German)

 

October 8th, 2008 - Zeugenvernehmung Herr R. D. u. a./Testimony Mr. R. D. a. o.

Protocol of Testimony before the BND Inquiry Commission of the German Parliament (in German)

 

October 8th, 2008 - Union sieht offene Fragen beim BND-Einsatz in Bagdad

Report by the German Parliament/Deutscher Bundestag (in German)

 

September 25th, 2008 - Zeugenvernehmung Herr H. Sch. & B. P./Testimony Mr. H. Sch. & B. P.

Protocol of Testimony before the BND Inquiry Commission of the German Parliament (in German)

 

September 25th, 2008 - SPD und Opposition wegen BND-Einsatz in Bagdad auf Konfrontationskurs

Report by the German Parliament/Deutscher Bundestag (in German)

 

September 25th, 2008 - BND im Irak-Krieg: Gegensätze zwischen SPD und Opposition dauern fort

Report by the German Parliament/Deutscher Bundestag (in German)

 

September 18th, 2008 - Zeugenvernehmung Herr R. M. & V. H./Testimony Mr. R. M. & V. H.

Protocol of Testimony before the BND Inquiry Commission of the German Parliament (in German)

 

September 18th, 2008 - Streit um BND-Einsatz in Bagdad während des Irak-Kriegs

Report by the German Parliament/Deutscher Bundestag (in German)

 

February 23rd, 2006 - Report of the Federal Government re Activities during the Iraq War

Report of the German Federal Government (in German)

 

March 2003: German BND Agents in Baghdad

BND agent “Volker Heinster”

BND agent “Reiner Mahner”

Iraqi Guard

 

Photo Credits

 

Background

 

1) Ernst Uhrlau, President of the German Foreign Intelligence Service (Bundesnachrichtendient/BND), former coordinator of German intelligence services in the in the office of the Chancellor. - July 2008 - Deutsche Presse Agentur (dpa);

 

German BND Agents in Baghdad

 

1) BND agent “Volker Heinster” in front of the German embassy in Baghdad. - March/April 2003 - Source unknown/published by Der Spiegel;

2) BND agent “Reiner Mahner” (Middle) shortly before the German embassy in Baghdad was evacuated. - March 2003 - Source unknown/published by Der Spiegel;

3) An Iraqi guard in the embassy after two BND agents have raised the German flag. - March/April 2003 - Bernhard Zand/Der Spiegel;

 

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