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The Falluja Killing Chronicles

Background

Videos

Media Reports

Military Reports

Photo Credits

 

Background

 

“Three years after a devastating U.S.-led siege of the city, residents of Fallujah continue to struggle with a shattered economy, infrastructure, and lack of mobility. The city that was routed in November 2004 is still suffering the worst humanitarian conditions under a siege that continues. Although military actions are down to the minimum inside the city, local and US authorities do not seem to be thinking of ending the agonies of the over 400,000 residents of Fallujah. ‘You, people of the media, say things in Fallujah are good,’ Mohammad Sammy, an aid worker for the Iraqi Red Crescent in Fallujah told IPS, ‘Then why don’t you come and live in this paradise with us? […]’ His anger is due to the fact that the embattled city is still completely closed and surrounded by military checkpoints to make it look like an isolated island. […]”

 

Excerpt of an IPS news article from November 20th, 2007.

Killed man in Falluja making ‘Shuhada’ sign

 

Individual Killings: The Falluja Killings of November 9th, 2004

 

Videos

 

November 13th, 2004 - The Falluja Mosque Killing

November 2004 - Urban Combat in Falluja

April 2004 - The Falluja Aerial Bombing

 

 

Media Reports

 

July 24th, 2010 - Toxic Legacy of US Assault on Fallujah ‘Worse than Hiroshima’

1 news article from the Independent

 

November 13th, 2009 - Huge Rise in Birth Defects in Falluja

2 news articles from the Guardian

 

September 1st, 2009 - The Truth Of Iraq’s City Of Deformed Babies

1 news article from Sky News

 

June 23rd, 2009 - Spate of Attacks Tests Iraqi City and U.S. Pullout

1 news article from the New York Times

 

May 26th, 2009 - Roadside Blast Kills 3 Americans in Western Iraq

1 news article from the Associated Press

 

March 27th, 2009 - Fallujah is Test Case for Post-US Iraq

1 news article from the Associated Press

 

December 29th, 2008 - Falluja Rebuilds And Looks With Relief to Exit of U.S. Troops

1 news article from International Herald Tribune

 

November 2nd, 2008 - US still the Villain in Iraq’s Former Rebel Bastion

1 news article by Agence France Presse

 

October 25th, 2008 - Iraqi Sunni Bloc Breaks Ties with US after Killing

1 news article by Agence France Presse

 

November 20th, 2007 - Fallujah Now Under a Different Kind of Siege

1 news article by Inter Press Service

 

February 23rd, 2007 - Fallujans Defiant Amidst Chaos

1 news article by Inter Press Service

 

January 19th, 2007 - The War Becomes More Unholy

1 news article by Inter Press Service

 

December 15th, 2006 - U.S. Troops Raid Hospital Again

1 news article by the Atlantic Free Press

 

December 3rd, 2006 - ‘Damascus is near, where is Baghdad?’ asks Fallujah

1 news article by The News - International (Pakistan)

 

November 23rd, 2006 - Under Fire, US Marines Hand off Battered Fallujah

1 news article by the Christian Science Monitor

 

November 19th, 2006 - For Sunnis Fleeing Baghdad, Once-Deadly Fallujah is a Refuge

1 news article by the Associated Press

 

November 8th, 2006 - ‘Lifestyle’ in Fallujah: Fear, Death

1 news article by McClatchy Newspapers

 

November 2nd, 2006 - Fallujah: U.S. Military Adopts Desperate Tactics

1 news article by Inter Press Service

 

October 24th, 2006 - U.S. Troops Mistakenly Kill Four Iraqi Firemen

1 news article by the Times Of India

 

November 24th, 2005 - Life Goes On in Fallujah’s Rubble

1 news article by Inter Press Service

 

June 3rd, 2005 - The Failed Siege of Fallujah

1 news article by Asia Times

 

June 1st, 2005 - ‘I knew what I had right away’

1 news article by the Guardian

 

May 4th, 2005 - No Charges In Fallujah Shooting

1 news article by the Associated Press

 

December 16th, 2004 - An Eyewitness Account of Fallujah

1 news article by the Ester Republic

 

December 3rd, 2004 - Fallujah Refugees Tell of Life and Death in the Kill Zone

1 news article by the New Standard

 

November 26th, 2004 - ‘Unusual Weapons’ Used in Fallujah

1 news article by Inter Press Service

 

November 23rd, 2004 - ‘Something was not right’

1 news article by the Guardian

 

November 20th, 2004 - For One Family in Falluja, a Simple Drive Turns Deadly

2 news articles by the New York Times

 

November 19th, 2004 - As U.S. Forces Raided a Mosque

1 news article by Inter Press Service

 

November 17th, 2004 - More Fallout From Mosque Shooting

1 news article by CBS/Associated Press

 

November 16th, 2004 - U.S. Probes Shooting at Fallujah Mosque

2 news articles by MSNBC, NBC News & Inter Press Service

 

November 15th, 2004 - The Air is Polluted with the Stench of Death

2 news articles by the Independent & Inter Press Service

 

November 14th, 2004 - Civilian Cost of Battle for Falluja Emerges

2 news articles by the Observer & the Sunday Herald

 

November 10th, 2004 - U.S. Forces Battle Into Heart of Fallujah

1 news article from the Washington Post

 

November 10th, 2004 - Iraq: Medical Needs Massive in Fallujah - Red Crescent

1 news article by IRINnews.org

 

November 9th, 2004 - US Troops Enter Falluja as Jets Pound Rebel-held City

1 news article by the Guardian

 

October 21st, 2004 - Falluja in their Sights

1 news article by the Guardian

 

October 6th, 2004 - Take Them Out, Dude: Pilots Toast Hit on Iraqi ‘Civilians’

1 news article by the Independent & transcript of a Channel 4 News (UK) documentary

 

August 1st, 2004 - Falluja: Documenting Death

1 news article by Al-Ahram

 

April 29th, 2004 - US Forces to Pull Out of Falluja

1 news article by the Guardian

 

April 28th, 2004 - Gunships Pound Falluja Despite Ceasefire Claims

1 news article by the Guardian

 

April 26th, 2004 - Geneva Convention ‘Breached’, Agencies Warn

1 news article by the Guardian

 

April 20th, 2004 - US Reaches Deal with Leaders in Falluja

1 news article by the Guardian

 

April 14th, 2004 - Americans ‘Drop Demand for Handover of Killers in Falluja Atrocity’

1 news article by the Guardian

 

April 9th, 2004 - Chaos, Killing and Kidnap

1 news article by the Guardian

 

April 1st, 2004 - Americans Burned and Mutilated by Iraq Mob

1 news article by the Guardian

 

May 1st, 2003 - Two Killed in New Iraq Demo Shooting

1 news article by the Mirror

 

 

Military Reports

 

March 31st, 2006 - Complex Environments; Battle of Fallujah I, April 2004

Report by the U.S. Army National Ground Intelligence Center

 

“[…] Purpose - This is the second of a series of assessments that analyzes recent warfare in complex environments. Enemy employment of asymmetric tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP) during the Battle of Fallujah in April 2004 offers many useful lessons learned in how a relatively weak adversary can prevent the United States from accomplishing its military objectives. […]

 

“Historical Background to Vigilant Resolve - In April 2003 Coalition forces occupied Fallujah with little fighting a few weeks after seizing Baghdad. By the end of the month tensions began to rise over the Coalition presence. On 28 April 2003 a large Iraqi crowd protesting the Coalition takeover of a school turned violent and 15 Iraqis were killed. Violence against Coalition forces continued throughout the late summer and fall of 2003, prompting U.S. forces to shift their garrison locations to a series of camps outside of the city. Foreign fighters began to infiltrate and use Fallujah as a base of operations. Finally, on 31 March 2004, four American Blackwater contractors were killed and images of their bodies being burned and mutilated were broadcast on television around the world. Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld, CENTCOM Commander GEN Abizaid, and Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) Ambassador Bremer decided a military response was needed immediately. Fallujah had become a symbol of resistance that dominated international headlines. […]

 

“Conclusions - The relative failure of the first Battle of Fallujah compared to the more successful second Battle of Fallujah (November 2004) offers useful political-military lessons for how to defeat asymmetric adversaries in complex environments.

 

“The enemy will seek to utilize the human, informational, and physical complexity of urban areas to avoid direct military confrontation and exploit American political and informational vulnerabilities.

 

“Shaping operations that clear civilians from the battlefield offers many positive second-order effects. In Fallujah in April 2004, I MEF only had a few days to shape the environment before engaging in decisive combat operations. The remaining noncombatants provided cover for insurgents, restrained CJTF-7's employment of combat power, and provided emotional fodder for Arab media to exploit.

 

“Information operations are increasingly important in a 21st Century world where cable television runs 24 hours a day and the Internet offers propaganda opportunities for insurgent and terrorist groups.

 

“The media presence on the battlefield was controlled by the enemy; consequently, they shaped much of the information the world viewed during the fight. In VIGILANT RESOLVE there were few reporters embedded in Marine infantry units; in Operation AL FAJR there were 91 embeds representing 60 media outlets. False allegations of noncombatant casualties were made by Arab media in both campaigns, but in the second case embedded Western reporters offered a rebuttal.

 

“The Iraqi government was nascent and weak and they offered no political cover for U.S. commanders to finish the operation in a reasonable time period. Without domestic Iraqi political support, offensive operations were halted after 5 days of combat. This stands in stark contrast to the second battle for Fallujah where the Iraqi Interim Government under Prime Minister Ayad Alawi ordered the Marines in and supported them through several weeks of combat.

 

“Insurgents sometimes get lucky. The Abu Ghurayb scandal and the Shia uprising further enflamed a politically precarious situation and could not have happened at a worse time for Coalition forces.

 

“In summary, several factors explain the difference in outcomes between Fallujah I and II. Longer shaping operations to evacuate civilians, control of the informational realm, more aggressive COIN operations in surrounding towns to protect Coalition MSRs, solid political backing from a more stable Iraqi government, and larger forces that contained a greater percentage of mechanized units to speed up the campaign all contributed to the relative success of Fallujah II (November 2004) versus the failure of Fallujah I. […]”

 

November 19th, 2004 - Fallujah Reconstruction Effort to Begin Soon

Report by the American Forces Press Service

 

November 15th, 2004 - Fallujah Secure as Mop-up Operations Continue, Marine Officer Says

Report by the American Forces Press Service

 

November 14th, 2004 - Coalition Fights to Destroy Remaining Fallujah Insurgents

Report by the American Forces Press Service

 

November 12th, 2004 - Fallujah 80 Percent Under Coalition Control, General Says

Report by the American Forces Press Service

 

November 11th, 2004 - Marine General: Fallujah Operations ‘Ahead of Schedule’

Report by the American Forces Press Service

 

November 9th, 2004 - Battle Continues ‘With Speed, Not Haste’ in Fallujah

Report by the American Forces Press Service

 

November 8th, 2004 - ‘Operation Al Fajr’ Begins to Retake Fallujah

Report by the American Forces Press Service

 

 

War Scenes from Falluja

Preparing the assault on Falluja

Two “liberators” and the dead

“Liberated” but dead: elderly man

 

Photo Credits

 

Background

 

1) Man making ‘Shuhada’ sign-there is one God, because he knew he was about to be shot. - November 2004 - Dahr Jamail;

 

War Scenes from Falluja

 

1) U.S. Marines of the 1st Division take position on the outskirts of Fallujah. - November 8th, 2004 - Associated Press;

2) US Marines from the 1st US Marines Expeditionary Force, 1st Battalion, 3rd Marines Regiment, Bravo Company pass by a dead body during the ground offensive in Fallujah, Iraq - November 9, 2004 - Marco Di Lauro/Getty Images;

3) Old man near wall - November 2004 - Dahr Jamail - The photos of Dahr Jamail are re-published with the permission of the author. More photos from Falluja can be found on Dahr Jamail’s MidEast Dispatches website.

 

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